The evaluation of equivalent temperature fields for cylindrical and spherical pressure vessels to imitate autofrettage-induced residual stresses has been successfully implemented in studying crack growth in autofrettaged vessels by the finite element method. Rotational autofrettage is a recent method that can be employed for strengthening hollow disks used in many turbomachinery. The evaluation of the equivalent temperature field becomes pivotal in the performance assessment of autofrettaged cracked disks subjected to high rotational speed. In this work, an equivalent thermal loading method for emulating the residual stress field in a hollow rotating disk, induced by full or partial rotational autofrettage in a finite element analysis is suggested. An analytical, or a numerical discrete solution, evaluating the equivalent temperature field for an arbitrary axisymmetric residual stress field, induced in a rotating disk due to rotational autofrettage, is developed. This solution is implemented in a finite element analysis to emulate the original rotational autofrettage-induced residual stresses in a typical rotating disk. Applying the equivalent temperature field, the residual stresses obtained in the finite element analysis are further corroborated with the original residual stress field introduced by rotational autofrettage. It is found that the developed equivalent temperature fields excellently reproduce the residual stress fields, within less than 1%, induced by both full and partial rotational autofrettage.