Cooling Rate Effect on Post Cure Stresses in Molded Plastic IC Packages

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Yi

School of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2263, Republic of Singapore

K. Y. Sze

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

J. Electron. Packag 120(4), 385-390 (Dec 01, 1998) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2792651 History: Received November 19, 1997; Revised June 05, 1998; Online November 06, 2007


Residual stresses during cool down process after curing are evaluated on the basis of thermoviscoelastic finite element analyses with material properties dependent on both time and temperature. Temperature distributions in packages are predicted by solving the heat conduction equations. The effects of cool-down history on thermomechanical responses of a lead-on-chip (LOC), thin small outline package (TSOP) are investigated. Three linear cool down temperature histories are considered. Numerical results show that residual stresses in a LOC TSOP are significantly influenced by the manufacturing temperature history. Residual stresses in plastic packages are strongly time-temperature dependent due to the thermoviscoelastic behavior of molding compounds. Substantial residual stresses arise when a LOC TSOP has cooled to room temperature and rapid cool down permits small viscoelastic effects.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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