Uniform Channel Micro Heat Exchangers

[+] Author and Article Information
X. Yin, H. H. Bau

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6315

J. Electron. Packag 119(2), 89-94 (Jun 01, 1997) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2792225 History: Received September 06, 1995; Revised April 05, 1996; Online November 06, 2007


The performance characteristics of micro heat exchangers consisting of straight channels fabricated in a silicon wafer and operating with liquid nitrogen are evaluated theoretically. The three-dimensional conjugate temperature and flow fields are calculated numerically. The thermal resistance is computed as a function of various geometric parameters. The optimal dimensions which minimize the heat exchanger’s thermal resistance are identified. Additionally, a simple, approximate, analytical model, adequate when the ratio of the solid and liquid thermal conductivities is large, is presented and used to predict the heat exchanger’s optimal dimensions. The approximate model’s predictions are compared with the numerical results.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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