Effect of the Nonlinear Behavior of the Material on Two-Point Bending of Optical Glass Fibers

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Suhir

AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974

J. Electron. Packag 114(2), 246-250 (Jun 01, 1992) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906425 History: Received August 26, 1991; Online April 28, 2008


We evaluate the effect of the nonlinear stress-strain relationship on the maximum curvature and maximum stress in optical glass fibers subjected to two-point bending. The analysis uses an assumption that this relationship, obtained experimentally for the case of uniaxial tension (Mallinder and Proctor, 1964; Kraus, Testardi, and Thurston, 1979, Glaesemann, Gulati, and Helfinstine, 1988), holds in the case of compression as well, and is applicable also to bending deformations. We show that the shift in the neutral axis due to the nonlinear stress-strain relationship has a significant effect on the maximum stress, while its effect on the maximum curvature is small and need not be considered. We show also that this relationship, obtained for elastic strains, not exceeding 5 percent, cannot be applied for very large strains, and therefore the future experimental work should include the evaluation of the nonlinear behavior of the material, both in tension and compression, for higher strains and for high strength fibers (such as, for instance, fibers protected by metallic coatings). The obtained results can be helpful in the analysis of optical glass fibers subjected to two-point bending.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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