The control objective of exoskeleton for human performance augmentation is to minimize the human machine interaction force while carrying external loads and following human motion. This paper addresses the dynamics and the interaction force control of a 1-DOF hydraulically actuated joint exoskeleton. A spring with unknown stiffness is used to model the human-machine interface. A cascade force control method is adopted with high-level controller generating the reference position command while low level controller doing motion tracking. Adaptive robust control (ARC) algorithm is developed for both two controllers to deal with the effect of parametric uncertainties and uncertain nonlinearities of the system. The proposed adaptive robust cascade force controller can achieve small human-machine interaction force and good robust performance to model uncertainty which have been validated by experiment.

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