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Research Papers

Performance Assessment of Single and Multiple Jet Impingement Configurations in a Refrigeration-Based Compact Heat Sink for Electronics Cooling

[+] Author and Article Information
Pablo A. de Oliveira

POLO—Research Laboratories for Emerging
Technologies in Cooling and Thermophysics,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Federal University of Santa Catarina,
Florianópolis 88040-900, Santa Catarina, Brazil

Jader R. Barbosa, Jr.

POLO—Research Laboratories for Emerging
Technologies in Cooling and Thermophysics,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Federal University of Santa Catarina,
Florianópolis 88040-900, Santa Catarina, Brazil
e-mail: jrb@polo.ufsc.br

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC PACKAGING. Manuscript received January 25, 2017; final manuscript received April 24, 2017; published online June 28, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Dong Liu.

J. Electron. Packag 139(3), 031005 (Jun 28, 2017) (11 pages) Paper No: EP-17-1008; doi: 10.1115/1.4036817 History: Received January 25, 2017; Revised April 24, 2017

The performance of a novel impinging two-phase jet heat sink operating with single and multiple jets is presented and the influence of the following parameters is quantified: (i) thermal load applied on the heat sink and (ii) geometrical arrangement of the orifices (jets). The heat sink is part of a vapor compression cooling system equipped with an R-134a small-scale oil-free linear motor compressor. The evaporator and the expansion device are integrated into a single cooling unit. The expansion device can be a single orifice or an array of orifices responsible for the generation of two-phase jet(s) impinging on a surface where a concentrated heat load is applied. The analysis is based on the thermodynamic performance and steady-state heat transfer parameters associated with the impinging jet(s) for single and multiple orifice tests. The two-phase jet heat sink was capable of dissipating cooling loads of up to 160 W and 200 W from a 6.36 cm2 surface for single and multiple orifice configurations, respectively. For these cases, the temperature of the impingement surface was kept below 40 °C and the average heat transfer coefficient reached values between 14,000 and 16,000 W/(m2 K).

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental apparatus: (1) compressor inlet (suction), (2) compressor outlet (discharge), (3) condenser inlet (refrigerant side), (4) condenser outlet (refrigerant side), (5) jet cooler inlet, (6) jet cooler outlet, (7) condenser inlet (WEG side), (8) condenser outlet (WEG side), and (9) secondary evaporator inlet (not used in this study)

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Fig. 2

Two-phase jet cooler: assembly and main components [55,56]

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Fig. 3

Orifice plenum: (a) assembled components and (b) outer and inner orifice plates

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Fig. 4

Dimensions of the threaded screw (nozzle): (a) size and (b) orifice diameters (in μm)

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Fig. 5

Assembly of the skin heater (with the Teflon base plate) and copper block in the insulation and drainage unit

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Fig. 6

(a) Copper block and (b) cross-sectional view of the copper block (RTD's plane, dimensions in millimeters)

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Fig. 7

Internal orifice plenum showing the (a) single and (b)–(d) multiple orifice configurations: (a) single jet, (b) multiple jet array #1, (c) multiple jet array #2, and (d) multiple jet array #3

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Fig. 8

Coefficient of performance as a function of the applied heat load (cooling capacity) for single and multiple jet impingement cooling

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Fig. 9

Compressor power consumption as a function of the applied heat load (cooling capacity) for single and multiple jet impingement cooling

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Fig. 10

Saturation temperatures (evaporating and condensing) as a function of the applied heat load (cooling capacity) for single and multiple jet impingement cooling (error bars not shown as the temperature expanded uncertainties are smaller than the symbol size, as seen in Table 1)

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Fig. 11

Refrigerant mass flow rate as a function of the applied heat load (cooling capacity) for single and multiple jet impingement cooling

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Fig. 12

Surface temperature as a function of the applied heat load (cooling capacity) for single and multiple jet impingement cooling (error bars not shown as the temperature expanded uncertainties are smaller than the symbol size, as seen in Table1)

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Fig. 13

Heat transfer coefficient as a function of the applied heat load (cooling capacity) for single and multiple jet impingement cooling

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Fig. 14

Vapor mass quality at the outlet of the jet cooler (x6) as a function of the applied heat load (cooling capacity) for single and multiple jet impingement cooling

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