The thermal and optical characteristics of phosphor converted white light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with different phosphor concentrations ranging from to are investigated. The light output of LEDs with higher phosphor concentration is found to have larger degradation in constant current compared with pulse current than that with lower phosphor concentration. In addition, the junction temperatures of phosphor converted white LEDs raise with increasing phosphor concentration, so that the decreased phosphor conversion efficiency is observed both in pulse and constant current modes. The physical mechanisms for these observations are discussed. This study elucidates the phosphor dependent optical and thermal behavior of phosphor converted white LEDs.