In this work, thermal characteristics of a board-level chip-scale package, subjected to coupled power and thermal cycling test conditions defined by JEDEC, are investigated through the transient thermal analysis. Tabular boundary conditions are utilized to deal with time-varying thermal boundary conditions brought by thermal cycling. It is obvious from the analysis that the presence of power cycling leads to a significant deviation of the junction temperature from the thermal cycling profile. However, for components away from the die, the deviation is insignificant. Moreover, for low-power applications, temperature histories from coupled power and thermal cycling are approximately linear combinations of temperature histories from pure power cycling and the ones from pure thermal cycling.