Pumpless Loop for Narrow Channel and Micro-Channel Boiling

[+] Author and Article Information
Swaraj Mukherjee, Issam Mudawar

Purdue University International Electronic Cooling Alliance (PUIECA), West Lafayette, IN 47907

J. Electron. Packag 125(3), 431-441 (Sep 17, 2003) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1602708 History: Received June 01, 2002; Online September 17, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Mudawar,  I., 2001, “Assessment of High-Heat-Flux Thermal Management Schemes,” IEEE Trans. Compon., Packag. Manuf. Technol., Part A, 24, pp. 122–141.
Boyd,  R. D., 1985, “Subcooled Flow Boiling Critical Heat Flux (CHF) and its Application to Fusion Energy Components—Part I. A Review of Fundamentals of CHF and Related Data Base,” Fusion Technol., 7, pp. 7–31.
Mudawar,  I., and Bowers,  M. B., 1999, “Ultra-High Critical Heat Flux (CHF) for Subcooled Water Flow Boiling—I. CHF Data and Parametric Effects for Small Diameter Tubes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 42, pp. 1405–1428.
Rogers,  C. S., Mills,  D. M., Lee,  W. K., Knapp,  G. S., Holmberg,  J., Freund,  A., Wulff,  M., Rossat,  M., Hanfland,  M., and Yamaoka,  H., 1995, “Performance of a Liquid-Nitrogen-Cooled, Thin Silicon Crystal Monochromator on a High-Power, Focussed Wiggler Synchrotron Beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., 66, pp. 3494–3499.
Tuckerman,  D. B., and Pease,  R. F. W., 1981, “High-Performance Heat Sinking for VLSI,” IEEE Electron Device Lett., EDL-2, pp. 126–129.
Bowers,  M. B., and Mudawar,  I., 1994, “High Flux Boiling in Low Flow Rate, Low Pressure Drop Mini-Channel and Micro-Channel Heat Sinks,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 37, pp. 321–332.
Anderson,  T. M., and Mudawar,  I., 1989, “Microelectronic Cooling by Enhanced Pool Boiling of a Dielectric Fluorocarbon Liquid,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 111, pp. 752–759.
Zuber, N., Tribus, M., and Westwater, J. W., 1961, “The Hydrodynamic Crisis in Pool Boiling of Saturated and Subcooled Liquids,” Int. Dev. Heat Transfer: Proc. 1961-62 Int. Heat Transfer Conf., Boulder, CO, pp. 230–236.
Bergles, A. E., Collier, J. G., Delhaye, J. M., Hewitt, G. F., and Mayinger, F., 1981, Two-Phase Flow and Heat Transfer in the Power and Process Industries, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York.
Fritz,  W., 1935, “Berechnung des Maximalvolume von Dampfblasen,” Phys. Z., 36, pp. 379–388.
Incropera, F. P., and Dewitt, D. P., 1996, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 4th Ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Petukhov, B. S., 1970, in Advances in Heat Transfer, T. F. Irvine and J. P. Hartnett, Eds., Vol. 6, Academic Press, New York.
Collier, J. G., 1981, Convective Boiling and Condensation, McGraw-Hill, London.
Zuber,  N., and Findlay,  J. A., 1965, “Average Volumetric Concentration in Two-Phase Flow Systems,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 87, pp. 453–468.


Grahic Jump Location
Pumpless loop cooling concept and experimental setup
Grahic Jump Location
Details of (a) housing, (b) sectional view, and (c) heater of test module
Grahic Jump Location
CHF variation with boiler gap for (a) FC-72 and (b) water
Grahic Jump Location
Boiling curves for different gaps for (a) FC-72 and (b) water
Grahic Jump Location
Photos of boiling surface in FC-72 at different heat fluxes for (a) 0.51 mm, (b) 1.27 mm, and (c) 12.32-mm gap
Grahic Jump Location
Photos of boiling surface in water at different heat fluxes for (a) 0.13 mm, (b) 4.32 mm, and (c) 12.32-mm gap
Grahic Jump Location
Temporal records of boiler temperatures at CHF− for different gaps for (a) FC-72 and (b) water
Grahic Jump Location
Nomenclature used in pressure drop model
Grahic Jump Location
Pressure drop model predictions for (a) FC-72 and (b) water




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In