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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Controlling Subcritical Crack Growth at Epoxy/Glass Interfaces

[+] Author and Article Information
John E. Ritter, G. S. Jacome, J. R. Pelch, T. P. Russell, T. J. Lardner

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003-2210

J. Electron. Packag 124(4), 328-333 (Dec 12, 2002) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1503064 History: Received May 01, 2002; Online December 12, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Plueddemann, E. P., 1991, Silane Coupling Agents, 2nd Edition, Plenum Press, New York, NY.
Ritter,  J. E., Fox,  J. R., Hutko,  D. I., and Lardner,  T. J., 1998, “Moisture-Assisted Crack Growth at Epoxy-Glass Interfaces,” J. Mater. Sci., 33, 4581–4588.
Ritter,  J. E., and Huseinovic,  A., 2001, “Adhesion and Reliability of Epoxy/Glass Interfaces,” ASME J. Electron. Packag., 123, pp. 401–404.
Ritter,  J. E., Learned,  J. C., Jácome,  G. S., Russell,  T. P., and Lardner,  T. J., 2001, “Fatigue and Durability of Silane Bonded Epoxy/Glass Interfaces,” J. Adhesion, 76, pp. 335–352.
Turner,  M. R., Dalgleish,  B. J., Yitte,  M., and Evans,  A. G., 1995, “A Fracture Resistance Measurement Method for Bimaterial Interfaces Having Large Debond Energy,”” Acta Metall. Mater., 43, pp. 3459–3465.
He,  M. Y., Turner,  M. R., and Evans,  A. G., 1995, “Analysis of the Double Cleavage Drilled Compression Specimen for Interface Fracture Energy Measurements Over a Range of Mode Mixities,” Acta Metall. Mater., 43, pp. 3453–3458.
Suo,  Z., and Hutchinson,  J. W., 1989, “Sandwich Test Specimens for Measuring Interface Crack Toughness,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A107, pp. 135–143.
Hertzberg, R. W., 1983, Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials, 4th Edition, John Wiley and Sons.
Bagchi,  A., and Evans,  A. G., 1996, “The Mechanics and Physics of Thin Film Decohesion and Its Measurements,” Interface Sci., 3, pp. 169–193.

Figures

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Schematic of the fracture mechanics double cleavage drilled compression (DCDC) specimen
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(a) Schematic of the DCDC test; (b) schematic of the DCDC loading fixture
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Cyclic fatigue crack resistance of various silane bonded epoxy/glass interfaces at 98% RH
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Cyclic fatigue resistance at V=10−6 m/s as a function of the ratio of 3-APES and PES silanes. Error bars represent the measured minimum and maximum values for Gmax (see Fig. 3)
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Nitrogen to silicon ratio of the silanized glass surface as a function of the ratio of 3-APES to PES for 15 deg take-off angle (1 nm sampling depth)
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Subcritical crack velocities along 3-APES bonded epoxy/glass interfaces under alternating static and cyclic loading at >95% RH
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Comparison of cyclic fatigue crack velocities along 3-APES bonded epoxy/glass interfaces under humid (>95% RH) and dry (<20% RH)
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Comparison of subcritical crack velocities along PES bonded epoxy/glass interfaces under alternating static and cyclic loading at high and low humidities
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Comparison of subcritical crack velocities along 50% 3-APES/50% PES bonded epoxy/glass interfaces under alternating static and cyclic loading at high and low humidities
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Influence of accelerated aging in distilled water on the cyclic fatigue behavior in high humidity of 3-APES bonded epoxy/glass/interfaces
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Influence of accelerated aging in distilled water on the cyclic fatigue behavior in high humidity of 50% 3-APES/50% PES bonded epoxy/glass interfaces

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