Combined Pressure and Subcooling Effects on Pool Boiling From a PPGA Chip Package

[+] Author and Article Information
A. A. Watwe

University of Minnesota, 125 Mechanical Engineering, 111 Church Street, S. E., Minneapolis, MN 55455

A. Bar-Cohen

Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer Division, University of Minnesota, 125 Mechanical Engineering, 111 Church Street, S. E., Minneapolis, MN 55455

A. McNeil

Motorola Inc., Phoenix, AZ

J. Electron. Packag 119(2), 95-105 (Jun 01, 1997) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2792226 History: Revised August 01, 1996; Online November 06, 2007


This study presents a detailed experimental investigation of the combined effects of pressure and subcooling on nucleate pool boiling and critical heat flux (CHF) for degassed fluorocarbon FC-72 boiling on a plastic pin-grid-array (PPGA) chip package. In these experiments pressure was varied between 101.3 and 303.9 kPa and the subcooling ranged from 0 to 65°C. As expected, lower wall superheats resulted from increases in pressure, while subcooling had a minimal effect on fully developed pool boiling. However, the superheat reductions and CHF enhancements were found to be smaller than those predicted by existing models. The CHF for saturated liquid conditions increased by nearly 17 percent for an increase in pressure from 101.3 to 202.7 kPa. In experiments with both FC-72 and FC-87 further increases in pressure did not produce any significant increase in CHF. At a pressure of 101.3 kPa a subcooling of 30°C increased CHF on horizontal upward-facing chips by approximately 50 percent, as compared to 70 percent on vertically oriented packages. The enhancement in CHF due to subcooling decreased rapidly with increasing pressure, and the data showed that the influence of pressure and subcooling on CHF is not additive. A correlation to predict pool boiling CHF under the combined effects of pressure and subcooling is proposed.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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