A Micro-Mechanics Investigation on the Bonding Strength of Heteroepitaxical Film or Strip on a Hard Substrate

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. F. Luo, K. P. Rajurkar

Nontraditional Manufacturing Research Center, Department of Industrial & Management Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 175 Nebraska Hall, Lincoln, NE 68588-0518

J. Electron. Packag 117(3), 201-207 (Sep 01, 1995) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2792092 History: Received December 13, 1993; Revised May 24, 1995; Online November 06, 2007


The bonding strength of deposited metallic thin films or strips on a hard substrate is investigated through micro-strength tests and micro-mechanics analyses. The combination of Ti:W-Au/Cu deposited directly on SiO2 /Si substrate was taken as an example in the experiments conducted. Investigations and analyses resulted in a general model concerning the separation mechanism of thin ductile films from a hard brittle substrate. This separation model leads to some systematic methods of improving strip-substrate interconnection strength. Besides strip-substrate adhesion and internal stresses, strip stiffness turns out to be a key factor for the bonding strength of such a system. Hardening processes such as post-deposition heat treatment and work-hardening are proved to be effective in strengthening the bonding strength. These investigations reveal a principle of mechanical compatibility concerning interface micro-deformation. Instead of thin and flexible strips, thick and rigid strips have better compatibility with a hard substrate if the bonded combination is subjected to mechanical loading rather than thermal loading. As far as interface stresses are concerned, a stress distribution strategy is proposed based on the same principle. This original understanding will help to improve common bonding strength problems of various interconnection structures and materials combinations in manufacturing processes.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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