Transient Response Characteristics of Vapor Deposited Micro Heat Pipe Arrays

[+] Author and Article Information
G. P. Peterson

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123

A. K. Mallik

Genometrix, The Woodlands, TX 77381

J. Electron. Packag 117(1), 82-87 (Mar 01, 1995) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2792072 History: Received October 31, 1993; Revised November 01, 1994; Online November 06, 2007


The transient thermal response of vapor deposited micro heat pipe arrays fabricated as an integral part of silicon wafers was measured to determine if these arrays could be used to reduce the local temperature gradients and improve the reliability of semiconductor devices. Wafers with arrays of 34 and 66 micro heat pipes were evaluated using an IR thermal imaging system in conjunction with a VHS video recorder. These arrays occupied 0.75 and 1.45 percent, of the wafer cross-sectional area, respectively. The wafers with micro heat pipe arrays demonstrated a 30 to 45 percent reduction in the thermal time constant when compared to that obtained for plain silicon wafers. This reduction in response time was shown to lead to a significant reduction in the maximum wafer temperature, due to the increased effective thermal conductivity caused by the vaporization and condensation occurring in the individual micro heat pipes. The experimental results were then used to validate a transient numerical model, capable of accurately predicting the transient temperature profile and thermal time constant of the wafer/heat pipe combinations.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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